Using Data Analytics to Strengthen Monitoring and Surveillance of Routine Immunization Coverage for Children under One Year in Uganda
Nantongo, Bartha Alexandra
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Immunization coverage is a traditional key performance indicator that enables stakeholders to monitor child health, investigate gaps, and take remedial actions. It is continuously challenged by validity due to the neglect of unstructured data and process indicators that track small changes/milestones. While empirical evidence indicates digitalized immunization systems establish coverage from structured data, renowned administrative and household survey estimates are often inaccurate/untimely. Government instituted awareness, accessibility, and results-based performance approaches, but stakeholders are challenged by accurate monitoring of performance against Global Vaccination Action Plan coverage targets. This heightens inappropriate strategy implementation leading to persistent low coverage and declining trends. There is scanty literature substantiating the essence of comprehensive immunization indicators in monitoring evidence-based and timely interventions. For this reason, health workers failed to appreciate immunization process indicators and monitoring role. The study aims at developing a real-time immunization coverage monitoring framework that supports evidence-based strategy implementation using prescriptive analytics. The envisaged artifact analyzes a variety of data and monitors immunization performance against comprehensive indicators. It is a less resource-demanding strategy that prompts accurate and real-time insights to support intervention implementation decisions. This study will follow an explanatory research approach by first collecting quantitative data and later qualitative for in-depth analysis.