Scoring Root Necrosis in Cassava Using Semantic Segmentation
Tusubira, Jeremy Francis
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Cassava a major food crop in many parts of Africa, has ma- jorly been a ected by Cassava Brown Streak Disease (CBSD). The dis- ease a ects tuberous roots and presents symptoms that include a yel- low/brown, dry, corky necrosis within the starch-bearing tissues. Cassava breeders currently depend on visual inspection to score necrosis in roots based on a qualitative score which is quite subjective. In this paper we present an approach to automate root necrosis scoring using deep convo- lutional neural networks with semantic segmentation. Our experiments show that the UNet model performs this task with high accuracy achiev- ing a mean Intersection over Union (IoU) of 0.90 on the test set. This method provides a means to use a quantitative measure for necrosis scor- ing on root cross-sections. This is done by segmentation and classifying the necrotized and non-necrotized pixels of cassava root cross-sections without any additional feature engineering.