Effect of Fertilizer Nitrogen (N) on Soil Organic Carbon, Total N and Soil Ph in Long-Term Continuous Winter Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.)
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Carbon sequestration via sound agronomic practices can assist in combatting global warming. Three long-term experiments (Experiment 502, Experiment 222, and The Magruder Plots) were used to evaluate the effect of fertilizer nitrogen (N) application on soil organic carbon (SOC), total nitrogen (TN) and pH in continuous winter wheat. Soil samples (0-15 cm) were obtained after harvest in 2014, analyzed and compared to soil test results from these same experiments in 1993. Soil pH decreased with increasing N fertilization, and more so at high rates. Nitrogen application significantly increased TN in Experiment 502 from 1993 to 2014, and TN tended to be high at high N rates. Fertilizer N significantly increased SOC, especially when N rates exceeded 90 kg ha-1. The highest SOC (13.1 g kg-1) occurred when 134 kg N ha-1 was applied annually. Long-term N application at high rates increased TN and SOC in the surface soil.
- Natural Sciences