Factors Associated With Burnout Among Nurses at International Hospital Kampala (IHK)
Ashaba, Aheebwa Anita
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Burnout is a psychological syndrome involving physical depletion, feelings of helplessness, negative self-concept, and negative attitudes towards work, life, and others. Burnout is a problem among health care professionals and nurses are found to be vulnerable. It is associated with a decrease in occupational well-being and increase in absenteeism, turnover and illness. To evaluate the prevalence and factors associated with burnout among nurses at International Hospital Kampala (IHK). Analytical cross-sectional design was used. Data was collected from a sample of 120 nurses using questionnaire and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) tools. Analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences and Microsoft excel. The prevalence of burnout within the MBI subscales was highest in the subscale of personal accomplishment (PA) - 72.5%), followed by Depersonalization (DP) – 66.8% and Emotional Exhaustion (EE) - 61.7%. Overall prevalence of burnout among was 66.95%. Nurses with high burnout had the lowest level of personal accomplishment-18.33% while nurses with low burnout had the highest level of personal accomplishment-72.5%. Age (X2(2) =6.670, p=0.036) was associated with burnout. Respondent years in service was more highly associated with burnout (X2(2) = 10.961, p=0.004). Job satisfaction (X2(1) = 4.361, p=0.037) was associated with burnout. Emotional Exhaustion (EE) of the respondents (X2(2) =29.197, p=0.000) was associated with burnout. Many nurses, 61(50.8%) had EE and burnout. Depersonalization (DP) (X2(2) =72.803, p=0.000) was also associated with burnout. Hours worked in a day (X2(1) =72.803, p=0.016) was associated with burnout. Getting social support at work (X2(1) =72.803, p=0.016) was associated with burnout, thus 48(40.0%) of the nurses who got social support had burnout. The prevalence of burnout is quite high among nurses.
- Medical and Health Sciences