Prevalence of Electrocardiographic Abnormalities Among People Living With HIV/AIDS in Sub-saharan Africa: Protocol for a Systematic Review and Meta analysis
Semulimi, Andrew Weil M.
Kyazze, Andrew Peter
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Electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities are highly prevalent among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) contributing to the rising burden of cardiovascular diseases among this population. SubSaharan Africa (SSA) contributes more than two thirds to the global burden of HIV/AIDS. However, an accurate account of the prevalence of ECG abnormalities in SSA is unknown. This study aims to determine the prevalence of ECG abnormalities among PLWHA in Sub-Saharan Africa. A systematic review and meta-analysis will be conducted. Databases including EMBASE, MEDLINE, African Journal Online and The Cochrane Library (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Cochrane Methodology Register) will be used to search for studies published between 1st January 2000 and 31st December 2020. Studies reporting any form of ECG abnormalities will be considered. Additionally, articles in both English and French will be reviewed. Articles will be screened and reviewed by two independent reviewers to determine their eligibility and any disagreement will be resolved through discussions with fourth and fifth reviewer. Eligibility of the studies will be assessed and judged based on the pre-set criteria. Retrieved studies will be assessed for validity using the Cochrane risk of bias tool and the modified Newcastle Ottawa Scale by two reviewers. Analysis of proportions will be done using STATA MP Version 16.0. A p<0.05 will be considered statistically significant. In the face of a growing burden of cardiovascular diseases among PLWHA, this study will provide an estimate of ECG abnormalities among PLWHA which will emphasize the importance of ECGs in screening for cardiovascular diseases in this population.
- Medical and Health Sciences