Cancer incidence in Northern Uganda (2013–2016)
Ogwang, David Martin
Maxwell Parkin, Donald
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The global burden of cancer is on the increase both in developed and developing countries. Nearly 14 million new cases of cancer and 8 million deaths were recorded in the year 2012 accounting for 1 in 6 deaths worldwide. Up to 70% of these deaths occur in developing countries.1 About 25% of these cancers in developing countries are caused by infections such as HPV, Hepatitis and HSV among others.2 Sub-Saharan Africa is one of the region hit by the cancer burden yet only 30 population based cancer registries representing about 19% coverage are currently providing quality cancer data for the entire continent to inform policy on cancer control programs in the various member states.3 In Uganda, estimates of the cancer profile have been entirely dependent on the findings from the Kampala cancer registry.1 To bridge this gap new registries have been established, one of which is the Gulu Cancer registry, located at St. Mary’s Hospital Lacor in the Northern region of Uganda. This part of the country is predominantly rural, and differs with respect to climate, ethnic composition of the population, social and healthcare factors compared to the cosmopolitan population served by Kampala cancer registry. Gulu registry was established in 2014, and covers the population of four districts (Gulu, Omoro, Nwoya and Amuru), of the Acholi Sub-region of Uganda (Fig. 1), with a population at the national census (2014) of 771, 514.4 We report here on the results from the first 4 years of registration, 2013–2016.
- Medical and Health Sciences