Pyloric Stenosis at a Tertiary Hospital in Uganda

Worldwide, infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis has an incidence of 3 in 1000 livebirths, with an unknown etiology. Even when babies present with characteristic symptoms, it is often misdiagnosed leading to late referral for appropriate surgical care. The purpose of this study was to document our experience in management of pyloric stenosis within our setting.A total of 33 patient records were reviewed. All the patients presented with non-bilious vomiting. The ratio of males to females was 4.5:1. Of these patients, 76% had electrolyte imbalance with low chloride count in the majority of patients. All the patients underwent an open Ramstedt pyloromyotomy, and 91% had a good outcome.Management of IHPS has very good outcomes in our setting. Earlier referral of patients leads to improved outcomes.
Okello, I., Naluyimbazi, R., Massenga, A., Ullrich, S., Kakembo, N., Kisa, P., ... & Nimanya, S. (2020). Pyloric stenosis at a tertiary hospital in Uganda. Annals of Pediatric Surgery, 16(1), 1-3.