Effects of changes in the pre-licensure education of health workers on health-worker supply (Review)

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Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
The current and projected crisis because of a shortage of health workers in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) requires that effective strategies for expanding the numbers of health workers are quickly identified in order to inform action by policymakers, educators, and health managers. Objectives To assess the effect of changes in the pre-licensure education of health professionals on health-worker supply. Search methods We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2007, Issue 3), EMBASE, Ovid (1980 to week 3, October 2007), MEDLINE, Ovid (1950 to week 3, October 2007), CINAHL (October 2007), LILACS (week 4, November 2007), ERIC (1966 to week 3, February 2008), and Sociological Abstracts (October 2007).We searchedWHO(WHOLIS) (February 2008), World Bank, Google Scholar, and human resources on health-related websites to obtain grey literature. Key experts in human resources for health were contacted to identify unpublished studies. The reference lists of included studies were searched for additional articles. Selection criteria Randomised controlled trials, non-randomised controlled trials, controlled before and after studies, and interrupted time-series studies that measured increased numbers of health workers ultimately available for recruitment into the health workforce or improved patient to health professional ratios as their primary outcomes were considered. Although the focus of the review was on LMIC, we included studies regardless of where they were done.
health-worker supply, pre-licensure education
Pariyo, G. W., Kiwanuka, S. N., Rutebemberwa, E., Okui, O., & Ssengooba, F. (2009). Effects of changes in the pre‐licensure education of health workers on health‐worker supply. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (2).DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007018.pub2.