Psychosocial Adjustment in Ugandan Children: Coping With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Exposure, Lifetime Adversity, and Importance of Social Support

Cumulative lifetime adversity and social support were investigated as determinants of psychosocial adjustment (esteem, distress, hopefulness, positive outlook/ future aspirations, and sense of purpose) over 12months in 6–10-years-old HIV-infected, HIV-exposed uninfected and HIV-unexposed uninfected children from Uganda. Each determinant and psychosocial adjustment indicator was self-reported using standardized questionnaires administered at baseline, 6, and 12 months. Linear mixed effects models were used to relate time-varying lifetime adversity and social support to psychosocial adjustment over 12 months. Regardless of HIV status, higher adversity predicted lower esteem (coefficient b = −2.98, 95% confidence interval (CI): [−4.62, −1.35]) and increased distress (b =3.96, 95% CI: [1.29, 6.62]) but was not associated with hopefulness, positive outlook or sense of purpose. Low social support predicted higher distress (b =9.05, 95% CI: [7.36, 10.73]), lower positive outlook
Psychosocial Adjustment, Children, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Lifetime Adversity, Social Support
Tuke, R., Sikorskii, A., Zalwango, SK, Webster, KD, Ismail, A., Pobee, RA, ... & Ezeamama, AE (2020). Psychosocial adjustment in Ugandan children: coping with human immunodeficiency virus exposure, lifetime adversity, and importance of social support. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development , 2020 (171), 55-75. DOI: 10.1002/cad.20354