Correlates of early breastfeeding cessation and breastmilk expression in Uganda: a case–control study

To identify the correlates of early breastfeeding (BF) cessation and breastmilk expression (BE) among mothers 12 months after childbirth. We used a case-control study design to compare characteristics between mothers who stopped BF and expressed breastmilk 12 months after childbirth in Uganda. BF practices were determined in 12-month follow-up interviews using an adapted World Health Organization infant feeding questionnaire. Univariate and bivariate logistic regression models identified correlates of early BF cessation and BE as distinct but related outcomes. The odds of early BF cessation were higher among mothers who expressed breastmilk irrespective of maternal age (adjusted odds ratio: 2.82; 95% confidence interval: 1.39, 5.68). Mothers who stopped BF and did not express breastmilk were more likely to be older than those who continued BF and did not express breastmilk during the first 12 postpartum months. Mothers living with human immunodeficiency virus infection have disproportionately high odds of early BF cessation that may contribute to disparities in child health outcomes. Promotion of safe BF practices coupled with family and social support could be a viable preventive strategy for attenuating such disparities, especially among young mothers at risk of early BF cessation.
Human immunodeficiency virus, breastfeeding, breastmilk expression, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, breastfeeding cessation, low- and middle-income countries, breastfeeding practices
Du, Yu, Carolyn Onyango-Makumbi, Bhavneet Walia, et al. 'Correlates of Early Breastfeeding Cessation and Breastmilk Expression in Uganda: A Case-Control Study', Journal of International Medical Research, vol. 52/no. 3, (2024), pp. 3000605231223041-3000605231223041.