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dc.contributor.authorSamba Twinomujuni, Silvano
dc.contributor.authorEngeu Ogwang, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorRoelofsen, Felicitas
dc.contributor.authorMukonzo, Jackson K.
dc.contributor.authorAtukunda, Esther C.
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-15T09:52:57Z
dc.date.available2021-12-15T09:52:57Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationTwinomujuni, S. S., Ogwang, P. E., Roelofsen, F., Mukonzo, J. K., & Atukunda, E. C. (2020). Suboptimal Antiretroviral Drug Levels and Virologic Failures among PLHIV at a Rural Referral Hospital in South Western Uganda: A Descriptive Cross-sectional Study.https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-122206/v1en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-122206/v1
dc.identifier.urihttps://nru.uncst.go.ug/xmlui/handle/123456789/564
dc.description.abstractAchieving favorable HIV treatment outcomes is a major challenge, particularly due to nonadherence and consequent sub-therapeutic plasma antiretroviral drug levels. This is often complicated by the development of resistant strains due to mutations. Monitoring antiretroviral drug levels in the blood of patients enrolled on ART can reveal if levels are too high, enough, or too low. High levels may lead to dose-dependent side effects and sub-therapeutic levels could promote treatment failure and resistance. In Uganda, as part of routine HIV care, plasma antiretroviral drug level is estimated indirectly by clinic-based pill counts and patient self-reported adherence, which give no evidence of ingested medication. This study aimed at exploring steady-state nevirapine and efavirenz drug levels in HIV patients accessing ART at a rural referral hospital in South Western Uganda. Methods: This study was nested into a randomized clinical trial that evaluated the effect of Artemisia annua L. and Moringa oleifera on immunological response and viral load among persons living with HIV (PLHIV). In the parent study, 250 HIV-infected patients with continued immunologic suppression (CD4 count < 350cells/μL) despite a minimum of one-year on ART were enrolled. Out of 250 clinical trial participants, 95 were randomly selected for steady-state efavirenz and nevirapine plasma concentration sampling having taken the last at bedtime. Additionally, CD4 count, HIV load, liver, and renal function tests were determined. Participants were also interviewed for adherence, and factors that affect blood drug levels.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherResearch Squareen_US
dc.subjectAntiretroviral Drug Levelsen_US
dc.subjectEfavirenzen_US
dc.subjectNevirapineen_US
dc.subjectVirologic Failuresen_US
dc.subjectUgandaen_US
dc.titleSuboptimal Antiretroviral Drug Levels and Virologic Failures among PLHIV at a Rural Referral Hospital in South Western Uganda: A Descriptive Crosssectional Studyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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