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dc.contributor.authorKaggwa, Mark Mohan
dc.contributor.authorNajjuka, Sarah Maria
dc.contributor.authorAshaba, Scholastic
dc.contributor.authorMamun, Mohammed A.
dc.date.accessioned2022-06-16T08:57:10Z
dc.date.available2022-06-16T08:57:10Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.identifier.citationKaggwa, M. M., Najjuka, S. M., Ashaba, S., & Mamun, M. A. (2022). Psychometrics of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) in Uganda: A Systematic Review. Frontiers in psychiatry, 13.https://doi.org/10.3389%2Ffpsyt.2022.781095en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://nru.uncst.go.ug/handle/123456789/3984
dc.description.abstractDepression is screened by many psychological tools, whereas the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) is one of the most commonly used self-administered tools. Uganda is a culturally diverse country with a wide variety of tribes, ethnic groups, languages, and disease conditions; it is urgent to know the psychometrics of the used PHQ-9 across different cohorts. However, there is no prior review to assess its reliability in this culturally diverse country, where this review fulfills the knowledge gap. Adhering to the PRISMA guideline, a systematic search was performed in several databases (i.e., PubMed, Africa-Wide Information, AJOL, and PsycINFO, among others), and a total of 51 articles were included in this review, confirming the study inclusion criteria (e.g., using the PHQ-9).The PHQ-9 has been used among individuals above 10 years and both genders, and the tool has been used most among the HIV patient group (n = 28). The tool is frequently administered by interviews and has been translated into several languages (mostly Luganda, n = 31). A cutoff of 10 was commonly used to identify clinical or major depression (n = 23), and its prevalence ranged from 8 to 67%. It has been validated for use in two populations, (i) HIV-positive participants and (ii) the general population attending a health facility. The sensitivity and specificity were 92 and 89%, respectively, at a cutoff score of 10, whereas 67 and 78%, respectively, at a cutoff score of 5. The Cronbach alpha ranged between 0.68 and 0.94.The PHQ-9 has been used in several studies in Uganda but validated in only two populations and is commonly used in one language. Thus, validation of the tool in various populations and languages is warranted to improve the tool's acceptance in Uganda.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherFrontiers in psychiatryen_US
dc.subjectPatient Health Questionnaire, depression, Uganda, PHQ-9, psychometrics, systematic review, HIV, reviewen_US
dc.titlePsychometrics of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) in Uganda: A Systematic Reviewen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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