Use of a mixture of lignocaine and bupivacaine vs lignocaine alone for male circumcision under local anaesthesia in Rakai, Uganda
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Male circumcision (MC) has been shown to reduce the risk of HIV acquisition by 50 – 60% [ 1 – 3 ] and the WHO now recommends it as one of the proven methods for HIV prevention [ 4 ] . Several programmes in sub-Saharan Africa have initiated MC implementation. For MC to be effective at a community level there is need to achieve high MC coverage, and modelling suggests that the higher the prevalence of MC the greater the impact on HIV incidence [ 5 ] . One reason consistently cited by men for not accepting MC is fear of pain during surgery [ 6 – 10 ] . Our experience in Rakai is that when men are offered MC, only a few men initially come for surgery, and the majority, fearing pain, wait to hear the experiences of men who have had surgery.
- Medical and Health Sciences