The Effect of Oral Administration of Polyethylene Glycol on Faecal Helminth Egg Counts in Pregnant Goats Grazed on Browse Containing Condensed Tannins
Kabasa, J. D.
Ter Meulen, U.
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Thirty yearling F1 Anglo-Nubian 6 Mubende goats, averaging 21+0.45 kg, kept on free-range feeding in the Ankole range land, Uganda, were screened for health and nutritional status, effectively treated against helminth parasites, mated, and randomly divided into two equal groups during a 3-month preparatory phase. During the 6 months that followed, the goats in one group received a daily oral dose (50 g/goat) of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), while the other group acted as the control (no PEG). The goats were monitored for faecal nematode egg counts and body weight gains, along with the quality of their diet,nematode contamination of the pasture, and the prevailing climatic factors in area.Goats treated with PEG had significantly (p50.05)higher faecal helminth egg loads.Theme Nematode Eggs per gram of faeces (epg) of the PEG group (290 epg) was more than double that of the control group (129 epg). All the PEG-treated goats exhibited moderate to severe infections at the end of the experiment. The gain in body weight during gestation was lower (p50.05) in the PEG group (70.4 g per goat per day) than in the controlgroup (91.8 g per goat per day).The PEG group lost 2.3 g per goat per day in the fifth month. PEG deactivates condensed tannins, and it was concluded that condensed tannins play a significant role in reducing the negative effects of gastroin test in al helminth burdens in the natural free-range feeding system of the Ankole range land in Uganda. Selective feeding on such range lands might expose goats to optimal concentrations of dietary condensed tannins with resultant bene¢cial e¡ects.