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dc.contributor.authorBongomin, Felix
dc.contributor.authorOlum, Ronald
dc.contributor.authorNsenga, Lauryn
dc.contributor.authorNamusobya, Martha
dc.contributor.authorRussell, Laura
dc.contributor.authorSousa, Emma de
dc.contributor.authorIyabo Osaigbovo, Iriagbonse
dc.contributor.authorKwizera, Richard
dc.contributor.authorBaruch Baluku, Joseph
dc.date.accessioned2023-01-22T13:26:48Z
dc.date.available2023-01-22T13:26:48Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationBongomin, F., Olum, R., Nsenga, L., Namusobya, M., Russell, L., de Sousa, E., ... & Baluku, J. B. (2021). Estimation of the burden of tinea capitis among children in Africa. Mycoses, 64(4), 349-363. doi: 10.1111/MYC.13221en_US
dc.identifier.other10.1111/MYC.13221
dc.identifier.urihttps://nru.uncst.go.ug/handle/123456789/7106
dc.description.abstractTinea capitis is a common and endemic dermatophytosis among school age children in Africa. However, the true burden of the disease is unknown in Africa. Objective: We aimed to estimate the burden of tinea capitis among children less than 18 years of age in Africa. Methods: A systematic review was performed using Embase, Medline and the Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews to identify articles on tinea capitis among children in Africa published between January 1990 and October 2020. The United Nation’s Population data (2019) was used to identify the number of children at risk of tinea capitis in each African country. Using the pooled prevalence, the country-specific and total burden of tinea capitis was calculated. Results: Forty studies involving a total of 229,086 children from 17/54 African countries were identified and included in the analysis. The pooled prevalence of tinea capitis was 23% (95% CI, 17%-29%) mostly caused by Trichophyton species. With a population of 600 million (46%) children, the total number of cases of tinea capitis in Africa was estimated at 138.1 (95% CI, 102.0 – 174.1) million cases. Over 96% (132.6 million) cases occur in Sub-Saharan Africa alone. Nigeria and Ethiopia with the highest population of children contributed 16.4% (n=98.7 million) and 8.5% (n=52.2 million) of cases, respectively. Majority of the participants were primary school children with a mean age of 10 years. Cases are mostly diagnosed clinically. There was a large discrepancy between the clinical and mycological diagnosis. Conclusions: About one in every 5 children in Africa has tinea capitis making it one of the most common childhood conditions in the region. A precise quantification of the burden of this neglected tropical disease is required to inform clinical and public health intervention strategies.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMycosesen_US
dc.subjectTinea capitisen_US
dc.subjectchildrenen_US
dc.subjectAfricaen_US
dc.subjectDermatomycosesen_US
dc.subjectPrevalenceen_US
dc.subjectAetiologyen_US
dc.titleEstimation of the Burden of Tinea Capitis Among Children in 10 Africaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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