Traditional plants used for Medicinal purposes by local communities around the Northern sector of Kibale National Park, Uganda
Kiremire, Bernard T.
Kabasa, John D.
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Ethnopharmacological relevance: The study was done to establish medicinal plants used in the treatmentof various diseases by the people in the Northern sector of Kibale National Park in western Uganda. Itwas also aimed at establishing the plant parts used and the mode of preparation of remedies. Theseplants create a basis for phytochemical evaluation which can lead to the discovery of biologically activecompounds that can be used as starting materials in the development of new drugs targetingselected diseases such as malaria. Materials and methods: The required information was obtained using open interviews, semi-structured questionnaires, focus group discussions and transect walks. Results: Different medicinal plants (131 species) distributed over 55 families were observed to be used by the local communities around the Northern sector of Kibale National Park. The plants as reported in this paper are used to treat 43 physical illnesses/diseases. The most used parts of the plants are the leaves. Water is the main medium used for the preparation of the remedies which are mostly administered orally. Conclusion: The people in the study area have a rich heritage of traditional plants that are used in the health care system to treat diseases. These medicinal plants have contributed significantly to several disease therapies. The most common diseases treated are malaria and cough, which are mostly treated by Vernonia amygdalina Del. and Albizia coriaria Welw. respectively. The main sources of medicinal plants include bush land, home gardens, grasslands, and the forest.