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dc.contributor.authorWaniale, Allan
dc.contributor.authorSwennen, Rony
dc.contributor.authorMukasa, Settumba B.
dc.contributor.authorTugume, Arthur K.
dc.contributor.authorKubiriba, Jerome
dc.contributor.authorTushemereirwe, Wilberforce K.
dc.contributor.authorBatte, Michael
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Allan
dc.contributor.authorTumuhimbise, Robooni
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-07T13:08:18Z
dc.date.available2022-03-07T13:08:18Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationWaniale, A.; Swennen, R.; Mukasa, S.B.; Tugume, A.K.; Kubiriba, J.; Tushemereirwe,W.K.; Batte, M.; Brown, A.; Tumuhimbise, R. Seed Set Patterns in East African Highland Cooking Bananas Are Dependent on Weather before, during and after Pollination. Horticulturae 2021, 7, 165. https://doi.org/10.3390/ horticulturae7070165en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/ horticulturae7070165
dc.identifier.urihttps://nru.uncst.go.ug/xmlui/handle/123456789/2488
dc.description.abstractSeed set in banana is influenced by weather, yet the key weather attributes and the critical period of influence are unknown. We therefore investigated the influence of weather during floral development for a better perspective of seed set increase. Three East African highland cooking bananas (EAHBs) were pollinated with pollen fertile wild banana ‘Calcutta 40 . At full maturity, bunches were harvested, ripened, and seeds extracted from fruit pulp. Pearson’s correlation analysis was then conducted between seed set per 100 fruits per bunch and weather attributes at 15-day intervals from 105 days before pollination (DBP) to 120 days after pollination (DAP). Seed set was positively correlated with average temperature (P < 0.05–P < 0.001, r = 0.196–0.487) and negatively correlated with relative humidity (RH) (P < 0.05–P < 0.001, r = 􀀀0.158–􀀀0.438) between 75 DBP and the time of pollination. After pollination, average temperature was negatively correlated with seed set in ‘Mshale’ and ‘Nshonowa’ from 45 to 120 DAP (P < 0.05–P < 0.001, r = 􀀀0.213–􀀀0.340). Correlation coefficients were highest at 15 DBP for ‘Mshale’ and ‘Nshonowa’, whereas for ‘Enzirabahima’, the highest were at the time of pollination. Maximum temperature as revealed by principal component analysis at the time of pollination should be the main focus for seed set increase.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherHorticulturaeen_US
dc.subjectBanana breedingen_US
dc.subjectMatooke and Mchare pollinationen_US
dc.subjectPCAen_US
dc.subjectWeather attributesen_US
dc.titleSeed Set Patterns in East African Highland Cooking Bananas Are Dependent on Weather before, during and after Pollinationen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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