Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorSewankambo, k . Nelson
dc.date.accessioned2022-02-15T11:47:47Z
dc.date.available2022-02-15T11:47:47Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.citationWamai, R. G., Morris, B. J., Bailis, S. A., Sokal, D., Klausner, J. D., Appleton, R., ... & Banerjee, J. (2011). Male circumcision for HIV prevention: current evidence and implementation in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 14(1), 1-17.en_US
dc.identifier.other10.1186/1758-2652-14-49
dc.identifier.urihttps://nru.uncst.go.ug/xmlui/handle/123456789/2134
dc.description.abstractHeterosexual exposure accounts for most HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa, and this mode, as a proportion of new infections, is escalating globally. The scientific evidence accumulated over more than 20 years shows that among the strategies advocated during this period for HIV prevention, male circumcision is one of, if not, the most efficacious epidemiologically, as well as cost-wise. Despite this, and recommendation of the procedure by global policy makers, national implementation has been slow. Additionally, some are not convinced of the protective effect of male circumcision and there are also reports, unsupported by evidence, that non-sex-related drivers play a major role in HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa. Here, we provide a critical evaluation of the state of the current evidence for male circumcision in reducing HIV infection in light of established transmission drivers, provide an update on programmes now in place in this region, and explain why policies based on established scientific evidence should be prioritized. We conclude that the evidence supports the need to accelerate the implementation of medical male circumcision programmes for HIV prevention in generalized heterosexual epidemics, as well as in countering the growing heterosexual transmission in countries where HIV prevalence is presently lowen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSpringeren_US
dc.subjectMale circumcisionen_US
dc.subjectHIV preventionen_US
dc.subjectSub-Saharan Africaen_US
dc.titleMale circumcision for HIV preventionen_US
dc.title.alternative: current evidence and implementation in sub-Saharan Africaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record