Animal health services delivery systems and disease surveillance in the smallholder pig value chain in Uganda
Dione, M. M.
Ouma, E. A .
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The assessment of the performance of the pig health delivery services is essential in order to determine constraints and opportunites for intervention along the value chain. Questionnaires and face-to-face interviews were administered to drug stockists, paraveterinarians and veterinary officers in three districts of Uganda in order to assess the pig health delivery and the disease surveillance systems. The results show that most of the service providers are para-veterinarians who act in a poorly-organized system, characterized by poor implementation of quality assurance of the products. The main constraints are related to lack of professional animal health workers, poor drug handling and administration, high transaction costs of drugs and services and poor transport means related to bad road status and high cost of fuel. As a result of these, smallholder farmers face low productivity and high pig mortality due to low effectiveness of treatments coupled with weak biosecurity measures. There is need to strengthen the health services delivery node and reinforce health delivery systems policies in the smallholder pig value chain in Uganda.