Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorChu, Rong
dc.contributor.authorMills, Edward J.
dc.contributor.authorBeyene, Joseph
dc.contributor.authorPullenayegum, Eleanor
dc.contributor.authorBakanda, Celestin
dc.contributor.authorNachega, Jean B.
dc.contributor.authorDevereaux, P. J.
dc.contributor.authorThabane, Lehana
dc.date.accessioned2022-02-04T11:00:17Z
dc.date.available2022-02-04T11:00:17Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.citationChu et al.: Impact of tuberculosis on mortality among HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in Uganda: a prospective cohort analysis. AIDS Research and Therapy 2013 10:19. doi:10.1186/1742-6405-10-19en_US
dc.identifier.other10.1186/1742-6405-10-19
dc.identifier.urihttps://nru.uncst.go.ug/xmlui/handle/123456789/1877
dc.description.abstractTuberculosis (TB) disease affects survival among HIV co-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Yet, the magnitude of TB disease on mortality is poorly understood. Methods: Using a prospective cohort of 22,477 adult patients who initiated ART between August 2000 and June 2009 in Uganda, we assessed the effect of active pulmonary TB disease at the initiation of ART on all-cause mortality using a Cox proportional hazards model. Propensity score (PS) matching was used to control for potential confounding. Stratification and covariate adjustment for PS and not PS-based multivariable Cox models were also performed. Results: A total of 1,609 (7.52%) patients had active pulmonary TB at the start of ART. TB patients had higher proportions of being male, suffering from AIDS-defining illnesses, having World Health Organization (WHO) disease stage III or IV, and having lower CD4 cell counts at baseline (p < 0.001). The percentages of death during follow-up were 10.47% and 6.38% for patients with and without TB, respectively. The hazard ratio (HR) for mortality comparing TB to non-TB patients using 1,686 PS-matched pairs was 1.37 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.08 – 1.75), less marked than the crude estimate (HR = 1.74, 95% CI: 1.49 – 2.04). The other PS-based methods and not PS-based multivariable Cox model produced similar results. Conclusions: After controlling for important confounding variables, HIV patients who had TB at the initiation of ART in Uganda had an approximate 37% increased hazard of overall mortality relative to non-TB patients.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherAIDS Research and Therapyen_US
dc.subjectAntiretroviral therapyen_US
dc.subjectHIVen_US
dc.subjectTuberculosisen_US
dc.subjectPropensity score methodsen_US
dc.subjectUgandaen_US
dc.subjectProspective cohort studyen_US
dc.titleImpact of tuberculosis on mortality among HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in Uganda: a prospective cohort analysisen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record