Risk factors for herd-level bovine-tuberculosis seropositivity in transhumant cattle in Uganda
Muma, J. B.
MetadataShow full item record
We investigated the prevalence and risk factors to positive herd-level tuberculin reactivity between October 2003 to May 2004 to bovine tuberculosis (BTB) in the four transhumant districts of Uganda: three districts (Karamoja region) of nomadic transhumance cattle rearing (30 superherds and 1522 cattle), and one district (Nakasongola) of ﬁxed-transhumance (7 herds and 342 cattle). We used the comparative intradermal skin-test, sampled 50 animals per superherd/herd, and considered herd positive if there was at least one reactor. Of the 30 superherds under nomadic transhumance, 60% (95% CI 41.4, 79) were tuberculin-test positive; of the 7 ﬁxed herds, 14.3% (95% CI 20.7, 49.2) were tuberculin test positive. The true herd prevalence was estimated at 46.6%. Many risk factors were collinear. The ﬁnal multivariable logistic-regression model included: recent introduc- tions from market (OR = 3.4; 95% CI 1.1, 10.3), drinking water form mud holes during dry season (OR = 49; 95% CI 9.1, 262), and the presence of monkeys (OR = 0.08; 95% CI 0.0, 0.6) or warthogs (OR = 0.1; 95% CI 0.0, 0.3).