Addressing threats to biodiversity and ecosystems services in agricultural landscapes: Lessons from tobacco growing areas of Middle North - Uganda
Bataamba Muhweezi, Alex
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There is increasing pressure on ecosystems across Uganda, mainly from growing population. Uganda’s population was about 2 million in 1900, rising to 4.8 million in 1950 and to 24.3 million in 2002 (UBOS, 2002) and it is now estimated at over 37 million (New Vision, June 23, 2013). The management of ecosystems and landscapes in the context of this increasing population requires a lot of planning for resource use and conservation yet there are inadequate extension services to help increase agricultural production per unit area while ensuring a healthy resource base (FAO, 2010). In particular, the northern region of Uganda which suffered from a civil war from 1985/6 to 2007 is facing rapidly increasing population after the return of stability. This has not only resulted into significant destruction of natural resources or biomass but has also put pressure on remaining natural resources.